16/11/2018

Stokes's Chronological events

In William Stokes' History of the Midland Association of Baptist Churches he has a list of chronological events. Here is the list up to the year of Beddome's death.

CHRONOLOGICAL EVENTS.
The following Remarks, &c. were intended for a column in the foregoing Chronological Table, but the want of space prevented that arrangement. The author was advised not to suppress them,—-he 
therefore gives them in the somewhat dissociated form below. 

1762 Middleton Cheney joined—John Pyne, pastor at Shrewsbury. 
1763 Cannon-street chapel, Birmingham, enlarged for the first time. 
1764 Mr. L. Butterworth came to Bengworth—Covenant adopted at Bromsgrove. 
1765 Dudley joined. - MacGowan, author of the “ Dialogue of Devils," one  of the preachers this year. He was supplying at Bridgenorth.
1766 Eighteen associated churches—Association held at Hook Norton for the first time. 
1767 James Kettilby died, aged 71, preacher at Bewdley 50 years.
1768 Decrease 5.—-L. Butterworth ordained at Bengworth after four years' probation. 
1769 Mr. Poynting's Sermon printed by the Association, the first thus honoured
1770 Leicester left.— P. Jones died, 30 years pastor Upton on Severn
1771 Mr. J. Willis settled at Upton. Death of Dr. Gill, aged 73
1772 Sutton-in-the-Elms left to join the Northampton Association.
1773 Church members at Bewdley, l2.—-Mr. John Sandys pastor at Shrewsbury. 
1774 Members at Cannon-street, Birmingham, 112.—Second time of holding the Association at Bengworth. 
1775 Brettel Lane joined -— Association held at Dudley for the first time.
1776 Cannon-street, Birmingham, 140 members—Association held at Tewkesbury for the tenth time. 
1777 Cirencester joined—Association at Birmingham, the fourth time.
1778 Robert Hall entered at Bristol College, 15 years of age.
1779 Mr. J Stennet, minister at Warwick.—Association held at Cirencester for the first time. 
1780 Decrease 7. Died this year, aged 54, Mr. Turner, pastor of Cannon-street, Birmingham, for 25 years. 
1781 Mr. Stephens pastor at Upton. - Baptists in Birmingham as one to 385 of the whole population. 
1782 Middleth Cheney left — Agreed to have an Association Book, to be kept by L. Butterworth. 
1783 Darkhouse church formed — Mr. P. Reece settled at Warwick.
1784 .Darkhouse joined the Association — Preaching by Baptists commenced at Willenhall. 
1785 Church formed at Needless Alley, (now Bond-street) Birmingham.
1786 Needless Alley, with 50 members, joined the Association — Thomas Edmonds called to the ministry, at Cannon-St, Birmingham. 
1787 Cannon~Street members 235. — First Baptist meeting-house opened at Willenhall. 
1788 Byeford admitted — T. Smith, and Joshua Bissell, ordained joint pastors of the Darkhouse, Coseley. 
1789 B. Beddome’s last appearance at the Association.— Mr. Taylor, pastor at Cannon-Street, Birmingham, resigned, and was succeeded by Samuel Pearce.
1790 S. Pearce ordained at Cannon-Street, Birmingham, August 18. - The6 Association resolved, that “No church to be admitted or retained, but such as agree with the doctrines of the Association."
1791 Robert Hall, of Aensby, died March 13, aged 63.- Sermon on the oppressive, etc, tendency of the Test, etc, Acts, by Samuel Pearce, February 21.
1792 Willenhall admitted.— Baptist Mission formed at Kettering, Oct. 2. First Public collection ever made for the Baptist Mission, was made at Birmingham, £70 collected.
1793 The Coppice received — Day of fasting and prayer appointed on account of the alarming state of the nation — March 20, J. Thomas and W. Carey ordained missionaries to the East Indies.
1794 Shifnal received — Derby spoken of as an “infant interest."
1795 Beddome, for 55 years pastor at Bourton, died September 3 aged 79. - A day of fasting and prayer appointed.-—A meeting of the Committee of the Baptist Mission in Birmingham, when 
Messrs. Grigg and Rodway were designated Missionaries to Africa, September 16. 
1796 Wolverhampton received. - J. Palmer ordained at Shrewsbury.- J. Wilson ordained at Warwick.

15/11/2018

Beddome's Library Calvin's Institutes


In the volume The Lost Sermons of C. H. Spurgeon Volume II: A Critical Edition of His Earliest Outlines and Sermons between 1851 and 1854 by Christian T George a footnote is found, It says

"The human mind is, so to speak, a perpetual forge of idols" (Henry Beveridge, trans., Institutes of the Christian Religion by John Calvin, Volume 1 [London: James Clarke & Co., Limited, n.d.], 97). Charles later acquired Benjamin Beddome's copy of Calvin's Institutes in which is found, "Wherby we may gather that the wit of man is, as I may so call it, a continuall worship of idols" (The Institution of Christian Religion, Written in Latine by Master John Calvine, and Translated into English Accordyng to the Authors Last Edition, by T N. Wherunto Is Added a Table, to Fynde the Principal! Matters Entreated of in Thy Boke, Conteyning by Order of Common Places, the Summe of the Whole Doctrine Taught in the Same, Seen and Allowed According to the Order Appointed in the Queenes Maiesties Injunctions [imprinted at London in White Crosse Strete by Richard Harrison, 1562, The Spurgeon Library], 25). The Latin reads, "Unde colligere licit hominis ingenium perpetuam, ut its loquar, ase idolorum fabricam" (A. Tholuck, trans., loannis Calvini, Institutio Christianae Religionis: Cum Brevi Annotatione Atque Indicibus Locupletissimis ad Editionem Amstelodamensem Accuratissime Excribi Curavit, Pars Prior [Berolini: Apud Gustanum Eichler, 1834], 79).

13/11/2018

Another missing tome from Beddome's Library

Boston 1722

We have already noted that in 1839 in Lumley's Bibliographical Advertiser there is a reference to a two volume set of Pool's Annotations that once belonged to Beddome. In the same catalogue is also this listing

Webb (Rev. John, of Boston, New England) Practical Discourses on Death, Judgment, Heaven and Hell, in 24 Sermons, cr. 8vo. clf. (B. Beddome's Autograph,) 3s. Boston, U. S. 1726

08/11/2018

Review of a sermon collection

This is from The Eclectic Review 14:78
Sermons printed from the MSS. of the late Rev. Benjamin Beddome, A.M. With a Brief Memoir of the Author. London: Ward and Co. 8vo. 467.
These sermons, sixty-seven in number, are by the author of a large number of some of the most beautiful hymns contained in our various selections of devotional poetry. They are evidently not what he preached, from the texts which are placed at their head, but rather the subject-matter on which he expatiated more at large. They are, however very beautiful, and eminently instructive. It cannot be said of this book, as of many modern publications, that it contains 'a rill of letter-press and a meadow of margin!'
It is a very honest volume, and that is no small praise. The memoir which is prefixed is short and interesting. Mr. Beddome's life was too retired and uniform to admit of much incident, or any striking events. But it was a very holy and useful life; and no intelligent and pious person can read it without interest and profit. It appropriately closes with the graphic sketch, by the late Rev. Robert Hall, from a preface by that master hand, to a volume of Mr. Beddome’s Hymns, from which we take the following sentences:—
‘Mr. Beddome was, on many accounts, an extraordinary person; his mind was cast in an original mould; his conceptions on every subject were eminently his own. Favoured with the advantages of a learned education, he continued to the last to cultivate an acquaintance with the best writers of antiquity. As a preacher, he was universally admired for the piety and unction of his sentiments, the felicity of his arrangement, the purity, force, and simplicity of his language, all which were recommended by a delivery perfectly natural and graceful.'
After such a testimony from such a quarter, what more can we say to recommend this volume!

10/07/2018

Letter from Wilkins to Fox 1785

LITTLE RISINGTON, Dec. 29, 1785.
DEAR SIR-It is not my indifference or indolence that prevents my making a better report to you of the Sunday School scheme in this neighbourhood; there are few resident clergy, and few others to be found in the different parishes around us, I may say scarcely any who will patronize, encourage, countenance, or enforce the plan, there are few parishes that can furnish a person competent to the task of teaching, such is the state of the lowest class, and without compulsion they would have very few scholars who could and would teach. What can a single individual do in such a complication of obstacles " Sigh and pray he may and does, but that faith which shall remove mountains, who can find?
Your printed letter, &c., which I have circulated: among the most respectable clergy, &c., around this – neighbourhood, affords me a fresh and good opportunity to make an attempt at an humble imitation of your society. I shall try to bring them, if possible to make Stow the centre of a society which shall hold forth encouragement to all the neighbouring villages -: to promote religious knowledge, and a reformation of manners among them. No other scheme seems feasible to me for various ... reasons. Such a society, if respectable, would have influence, ability, and weight; parish officers, without = . whom nothing can be done for the purpose around us, would be influenced to exert themselves, the clergy and the gentry would feel themselves engaged to countenance in this case, and without some such plan there is languor, listlessness, &c., to say the least of it, which will defeat and murder the intention. 
Should the plan take place, you will probably hear of it, and till the issue of my attempts to accomplish it be known, I do not think it worth while to trouble your society with any application for assistance in any particular village, though I could well dispense it in this place where I live, under my own inspection if afforded. The circulation of your plans, &c., through the kingdom, is, I think, an excellent effect of your institution, in itself considered, and that especially as it holds forth to the whole world, a specimen of liberality of mind of the present race of church men and dissenters, and may be a means of disseminating and perpetuating this desirable and amiable spirit far and wide, to allow each other to think and judge for ourselves and to agree to act together, so far as practicable for the glory of God, and the good of mankind, is the spirit and glory of true Christianity, and I envy the happiness of that man who has realized a wish or a thought to promote it.
I must confess I have no clear ideas after all, of what your society will be willing to do for any particular place, or how they mean to do it, or whether assistance is to be asked upon a formed plan, or direction and assistance sought for together, if there be any such rule limiting the number of books to be given, &c., if they mean entirely or only partially to support a school in any given place, leaving the terms to the parties applying, &c., but I will not tease you with more of my impertinences, as I doubt not the mail coaches will be charged with them as plentifully as they are with hares and partridges at this season of the year.
With warmest respect, I remain, 
Dear sir, yours, 
W. WILKINS

William Fox original letter to Raikes

London, June 15, 1785.

SIR-The liberality and goodness of heart manifested in your benevolent plan of Sunday Schools, I trust, render unnecessary any apology though from a stranger, when it is considered that his only view in writing is that he may be enabled to copy after so worthy an example.
You must know, sir, long before your excellent letter appeared in the papers, I had a compassion, and entertained sentiments for the indigent and ignorant poor extremely similar to your own. This led me to set up a school in one of our villages, (Clapton, near Bourton-on-the-water,) but as it is a daily one, and therefore attended with far greater expense, and perhaps with less utility than yours, it will very much oblige me, and probably greatly promote the design I have in view, if you will please to favor me with a further account of your plan, if any alteration, and what particular advantages have resulted from it since the publication of your letter. I have been apprehensive, and shall be extremely glad to find myself mistaken, that it would be difficult, if not impossible, to teach children to read by their attendance on schools only one day in seven. This is very material for me to know; and if they can, it will also be as desirable to ascertain the average time it takes for such instruction, together with the age at which they are taken, the mode pursued by the teachers, and the expense attending the same. The reason I am thus particular is because a society is forming in town, to which I belong, for carrying a plan of this sort into general use. The design, I dare say, will appear to you laudable, but at the same time difficult. Its success depends on the concurrence and aid of well-disposed Christians throughout the kingdom. Great events, however, having frequently taken their rise from small, and, to human appearance, trifling beginnings. We wish to make a trial; and as the committee for drawing up a plan meet on the 23rd instant, I beg the favor of your reply prior to that time, that we may have the benefit of an experienced work, in order to assist in our deliberation. 
I remain, Sir, 
Yours, &c., 
~ W. Fox.

More on William Fox Part 3

The wholesale trade in which Mr Fox had engaged made it necessary for him to take frequent journeys through the several counties or shires of England, which afforded him frequent opportunities of witnessing the deplorable ignorance of the poorer classes. He often found hamlets and even villages where the poor were entirely without the Bible—and what made this destitution still worse, he discovered that when they were presented with a copy, not one in twenty could read it. This deplorable state of things gave him food for much serious reflection, and caused him to spend much time in devising means to remedy the evil. The friends with whom he consulted gave him little encouragement, because they thought nothing short of legislation by Parliament could effect anything worth the trouble—there being no system of free schools in England. So Mr. Fox felt, and accordingly applied both personally and by letter to many of its leading members in both houses—but was compelled soon to relinquish all hope of getting assistance for such an object from the government.
It was about this time (1783 or ’4) that Mr Fox purchased the manor of Clapton in his native village; thus accomplishing what he had resolved to do at 10 years of age, while fighting the birds from his brother's corn. This gave him an opportunity to commence his benevolent efforts in favor of education in his native place. His first step towards this object was to clothe comfortably all the poor people in the village—men, women and children. He next set up a week-day school for the free instruction of all who were willing to attend it. In this school the reading was confined to the Bible, and as there was no chapel in the village the children and all those who partook of his bounty, were directed to attend service on the Sabbath at the parish—(Episcopal)—church. Mr Fox had long been desirous, and had made known his wishes several years before to some of his friends, “that every poor person in the kingdom might be able to read the Bible,” and in the most pressing manner recommended the establishment of a Society equal to the carrying out of such an object. The magnitude of the undertaking seemed too great, and there was no one willing to take the lead—consequently Mr Fox himself undertook the work, and at the Baptist Monthly Meeting held at the King's Head tavern in the Poultry, in May, 1785, introduced the subject, and submitted to their consideration the question whether there might not be some plan adopted by which all the children of the poor might receive a scriptural education by being taught to read the Bible. *
The Chairman on this occasion was Henry Kane, Esq, of Walworth; he was a deacon in the Baptist church at Mazepond, of which the Rev James Dove was pastor. Mr Fox introduced his subject by the following address— ....
Thus we have in the above address of Mr Fox, the commencement of that discussion which led to the formation of the first Sunday School Society, although the idea of Sunday Schools had not at that time entered his mind. Every one must be astonished at the thought of doing by voluntary contributions that which not more than half of our States have been able to do by land appropriations and taxation. We have reason, however, to believe that Mr Fox's plan was not deemed chimerical by those present from the fact, that measures were immediately taken to raise a committee –and it was agreed that a meeting should be called to take the matter into serious consideration. A subscription was commenced at once for carrying it into effect. The Chairman of that meeting, Mr Henry Kane, said to Mr Fox, “I presume, sir, you intend to con. fine the plan to our own denomination, for then we shall go on in harmony.” Mr Fox replied—“Sir, the work is great, and I shall not be satisfied until every person in the world be able to read the Bible—and therefore we must call on all the world to help us.” The proposed public meeting was fixed for August 16th, at the same place, the King's Head Tavern in the Poultry. ...